New York City’s spring lockdown reduced transmission of COVID-19 by about 70%, according to a new report.
In a study conducted by Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health and the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, scientists found that consistency with mask-wearing would have curbed the spread even further.
By using data on cases, deaths, and mobility to estimate transmission, the team developed a model to simulate the spread of COVID-19 in the city of more than 8.3 million, validating estimates based on accuracy predicting cases and deaths eight weeks beyond the study period.
Once the epicenter of the disease, the Big Apple began closing public schools on March 15 and imposed stay-at-home orders for all except essential workers the following week, as The Washington Post reported Tuesday.
New York recorded more than 200,000 COVID-19 cases and over 21,000 confirmed or probable deaths during the following three months.
The measures were not lifted until June when the city began a phased reopening — holding off on high-risk activities and indoor dining.
A summary of the study — which has yet to be peer-reviewed in the preprint server medRxiv — explained that school closings and lockdown orders “likely contributed to the largest reduction in transmission in the population overall” and that curbing contact rates contributed to at least a 50% reduction in transmission across age groups.
Their findings are in line with previous studies estimating that lockdowns reduced COVID-19 transmission by 58% in Wuhan, China, 45% in Italy, and 77% in France.
In addition, the city began requiring face coverings on April 12, which “contributed an additional 7% reduction, and up to 20% reduction among those aged 65 and older during the first month.”
If the city had maintained the same usage rates of masks from April to June, researchers estimated that they would have helped to reduce overall transmission by around 9% to 11% during the reopening.
“If everyone wore masks in the same degree and manner as older adults, the city could reduce overall transmission by as much as 28%–32%,” the summary explained.
“Improving effective use of face coverings, especially among younger people, would significantly mitigate the risk of a resurgence in COVID-19 infections during reopening,” senior author Jeffrey Shaman, a professor of environmental health sciences at Columbia Mailman School, said in a statement. “It’s crucial that we find ways to boost consistent and correct mask use in settings where social distancing is not possible.”
“Overall, our study supports the need for multiple interventions, including restricting occupancy to reduce contact rates, universal face covering, testing and contact tracing, and isolation and timing treatment of active infections,” said lead author Wan Yang, assistant professor of epidemiology at Mailman School. “We need to implement all of those simultaneously in order to effectively mitigate the spread of COVID-19.”
So far, the U.S. has seen over 6.5 million cases with the death toll almost at 195,000 people.
Trump may release ‘impressive’ finances after taxes report
President Trump on Monday said he may release “very IMPRESSIVE” financial records after a report said he pays very little in federal taxes.
Trump allegedly paid just $750 in federal income taxes in 2016 and 2017 and none at all in 11 of 18 years through 2017, according to The New York Times Sunday.
“The Fake News Media, just like Election time 2016, is bringing up my Taxes & all sorts of other nonsense with illegally obtained information & only bad intent,” Trump tweeted.
“I paid many millions of dollars in taxes but was entitled, like everyone else, to depreciation & tax credits. Also, if you look at the extraordinary assets owned by me, which the Fake News hasn’t, I am extremely under leveraged – I have very little debt compared to the value of assets.”
Trump added: “Much of this information is already on file, but I have long said that I may release Financial Statements, from the time I announced I was going to run for President, showing all properties, assets and debts. It is a very IMPRESSIVE Statement, and also shows that I am the only President on record to give up my yearly $400,000 plus Presidential Salary!”
As president, Trump already releases annual financial statements that indicate revenue at his various properties. But those reports provide an incomplete financial portrait.
Trump is believed to be the richest president in US history, and he’s the third president to refuse a salary, following Herbert Hoover and John F. Kennedy.
Trump’s quarterly gifts to the Treasury Department double as a messaging opportunity to highlight his initiatives. In March, for example, he donated his $100,000 quarterly pay to anti-COVID-19 efforts. In August, he donated his pay to repair monuments damaged in anti-police brutality protests.
For years, Trump fought release of his tax returns citing an ongoing audit. Sen. Mitt Romney (R-Utah) claimed that was because “he has too much to hide.” The Times said it acquired the records from a source with legal access to them.
At a Sunday night press briefing Trump said, “I’ve paid a lot” in taxes and “it will all be revealed… after the audit.”
COVID-19 cases up in 21 states as model predicts ‘huge surge’
The number of COVID-19 cases in the US rose by at least 10 percent in 21 states last week — while a new model predicts a “huge surge” is expected to impact more Americans as early as next month.
New infections accelerated mainly in the West, according to a CNN analysis of Johns Hopkins University data, although some eastern outliers like North Carolina and New Jersey also saw upticks.
The states where infections are rising include Alabama, Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington state, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
Another 18 states saw their rates hold steady, while just 11 — including Florida, Connecticut and New Hampshire — saw new cases of COVID-19 decrease by more than 10 percent from a week earlier, according to the report.
Meanwhile, the country could see a “huge surge” in cases starting in October — and increasing through November and December — as people spend more time inside where there’s a higher likelihood of transmitting the bug, Dr. Chris Murray, director of the University of Washington’s Institute for Health and Metrics and Evaluation told CNN.
The US is currently tallying roughly 765 coronavirus deaths per day — but that figure could nearly quadruple to 3,000 daily fatalities by December, according to IHME’s model.
The bleak analysis also comes just days after a study found that less than 10 percent of Americans have COVID-19 antibodies, suggesting the nation is further off from herd immunity than researchers initially thought, the New York Times reports.
The study, which was published Friday in The Lancet, analyzed blood samples from 28,500 patients on dialysis in 46 states and found that 9.3 percent had antibodies to the virus.
The findings roughly match those in a CDC analysis to be released this week that found about 10 percent of blood samples from sites nationwide had antibodies to the virus, the Times reports.
However, The Lancet research showed antibody levels across the country varied greatly. In the New York metropolitan area, which includes New Jersey, the levels exceeded 25 percent of samples tested, while antibody levels dipped below 5 percent in the West, the Times reports.
Meanwhile, New York reported 1,005 new virus cases on Saturday — the largest single-day uptick since early June.
And in California, state health officials are warning that hospitalizations could skyrocket by up to 89 percent if the state’s current rate of its COVID-19 infections continues, The Mercury News reports.
“As we see these trend lines, which have been coming down and flattening, look like they’re coming up … we want to sound that bell for all of you,” California Health and Human Services Secretary Dr. Mark Ghlay told reporters Friday.
“We want to see us respond as a state to those slight increases.”
California’s rate of new infections and fatalities, however, remained lower last week than those of two weeks ago — at just over 3,500 cases per day and just below 84 deaths per day, the newspaper reports.
One man killed, seven shot across NYC on Sunday
Seven people were shot in separate incidents across the city on Sunday — including a man who was killed by his own father in Staten Island — according to preliminary numbers released by the NYPD.
Most recently, a 35-year-old man was blasted in the buttocks during a dispute on East 108th Street near Madison Avenue in East Harlem around 6:30 p.m., cops said.
He was taken to NYC Health + Hospitals/Harlem in stable condition.
Around 3 p.m., a 19-year-old man was struck in the torso on Herzl Street near Lott Avenue in Brownsville, cops said.
He was taken to Brookdale University Hospital Medical Center in stable condition.
Just over two hours earlier, 68-year-old Joseph Smith fatally shot his 34-year-old son, also named Joseph Smith, in their Beverly Road home in the Concord neighborhood of Staten Island, according to cops.
The father, who has since been arrested, claimed he was holding a shotgun as he argued with his son. He said he assumed the safety was on the weapon — but it was not.
The younger Smith, who was shot in the stomach, was rushed to Staten Island University Hospital North, where he was pronounced dead.
His father was charged with second-degree murder and criminal possession of a weapon, cops said.
On Sunday’s date in 2019, which was a Friday, four people were shot in eight separate incidents.
Three people were shot in two incidents on Saturday, compared to the same number in three incidents last year, police said.
- Trump may release ‘impressive’ finances after taxes report
- Bengals need to make changes to coaching staff, starting lineups or both
- The coronavirus may have ‘one big trick.’ Scientists are learning how to stop it.
- Leonardo DiCaprio Supports Voting Initiative in New Video
- Markets higher with elections, tech in focus
- The Home Depot is selling Google’s new Chromecast before it’s been announced
- Fantasy Injury Updates: Chris Carson, Dallas Goedert, Jared Cook impact Week 4 waiver wire pickups
- COVID-19 cases up in 21 states as model predicts ‘huge surge’
- One man killed, seven shot across NYC on Sunday
- Schedule, results all the way to World Series
Entertainment1 week ago
Danish TV show ‘Ultra Strips Down’ records kids eyeing naked adults
Sports News4 days ago
US Olympian Chloe Dygert crashes over guardrail in cycling accident
Sports News3 weeks ago
Fantasy Football Auction Draft strategy: Tips, advice for spending your 2020 player budget wisely
Sports News3 weeks ago
NBA 2K21 Cover Star Damian Lillard Reveals His Issues With the Game
Tech7 days ago
iOS 14 basics: how to add widgets to your iPhone’s home screen
Sports News7 days ago
Fantasy Football Buy-Low, Sell-High Stock Watch: Leonard Fournette, Stefon Diggs among movers heading into Week 3
Sports News3 weeks ago
NBA playoff bracket 2020: Updated standings, seeds & results from each round
Sports News2 weeks ago
NFL Analyst Takes a Cheeky Dig on Browns Stars Odell Beckham Jr. and Baker Mayfield