A top science fiction magazine announced that it would no longer accept submissions after it was flooded with AI- or ChatGPT-generated stories.
“In the past 10 years we’ve only closed submissions for software or server updates,” Clarkesworld magazine founder Neil Clarke told FOX Business. “We didn’t even close after my heart attack in 2012.
“We’re still discussing this with people and evaluating our options,” he added. “The tools designed to detect these works have proven unreliable against our test data, so we need to find other alternatives.”
ChatGPT and its growing competitors are part of a fresh wave of sophisticated computer intelligence called generative AI, which are systems that can produce content from text to images.
Clarkesworld, which regularly publishes fiction from award-winning science fiction and fantasy writers, fully closed its submissions on Tuesday after seeing a continued spike in chatbot-generated submissions. Clarke first raised concerns over an increase in bot-written story submissions after noticing an increase in submissions in October after tools designed to detect plagiarism flagged more stories than usual.
The magazine has been a launching pad for award-winning writers and regularly publishes work from well-established authors in the industry.
“There is a problem for short fiction submissions, and it’s not just going to go away,” Clarkesworld tweeted last week, posting a graph that showed they had seen a jump in banned submissions – stories either dismissed due to plagiarism or because they were “bot-written.”
“It’s clear that business as usual won’t be sustainable, and I worry that this path will lead to an increased number of barriers for new and international authors,” Clarke explained in a subsequent blog post. “Short fiction needs these people.”
Publication in Clarkesworld is limited to 22,000 words maximum, with a payment of $.12 per word – meaning an author could make up to around $2,600 with publication.
The magazine had seen a jump in bot-written stories starting in the last few months of 2022, but submissions spiked with the release of ChatGPT and other AI programs, with the number of entries doubling each month until hitting a watershed in February.
“In 15 days, we’ve more than doubled the total for all of January,” Clarke wrote, posting a graph that showed around 115-120 banned stories in January and almost 350 in February by that time – which accounted for around 38% of all submissions. Just one week later, the number had reached 500 stories.
Clarke noted that such cases had been “infrequent enough” in the past, and he considered them “only a minor nuisance.”
“Overall growth was very slow and number of cases stayed low. Anyone caught plagiarizing was banned from future submissions,” he explained, adding that authors would then complain that they “really need the money” that comes with a published story.
Clarke refused to explain how he was picking out the new AI-made stories, saying he had “no intention of helping these people become less likely to be caught” and that the magazine’s process will “have to change” to deal with the new tools at the disposal of fraudsters.
He suggested a number of changes that might occur, such as limited submission windows or even asking authors to provide more contact information – or even outright refusing a submission that has a masked or VPN-covered location. Still, he viewed such options as either “short-lived” or said they could make it too difficult for new authors, especially those in international markets.
“If the field can’t find a way to address this situation, things will begin to break,” Clarke concluded.